What is Pharmacy | What is Pharmacy definition | Pharmacy

What is Pharmacy ? | What is Pharmacy definition ? | Pharmacy

A store or hospital dispensary where medicinal drugs are manufactured or sold.
Science or practice of preparation and delivery of medicinal medicines. Pharmacy is a branch of health science that deals with the preparation, delivery, and proper use of medicines. A pharmacist is a health care professional licensed to manufacture and sell or sell drugs and compounds and can make prescriptions. Introduction to pharmacy:
  1. Definitions :
  • The term pharmacy is derived from the Greek word pharmaceae which means “use of drugs”.
  • Pharmacy is a branch of pharmacology that deals with the collection, preparation, standardization, compounding and dispensing of drugs to make the drug suitable for easy, effective and synergy administration in the treatment of a disease.
  1. Old Pharmacy
  2. Clinical Pharmacy is the science for drug formulation, their stability, shelf life, handling as well as patient education about how to take medication, and monitoring of errors in drug therapy.
  3. Pharmacognosy
    • It is the study of sources and identification of drugs from plant sources. Biopharmaceuticals
    • It deals with the development of new dosage forms and new drug delivery systems to produce the desired pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristic of a drug.
  4. Medicinal Chemistry
  • It is concerned with the design and synthesis of a new drug based on the structure-activity relationship of an existing drug of a general group.
  • Pharmaceutics – It is a technical science related to the manufacture of medicine.
  • Pharmaceutical preparation is a form of medicine prepared to be distributed to patients.
  1. Drug
  • Drug is any substance or product that is used or used to modify or detect physiological systems or pathological conditions for the benefit of the recipient. (WHO- 1966) Dosage forms
  • They are convenient forms of natural or synthetic drugs for administration into the patient’s body.
    1. Drug nomenclature Chemical name: Describes a substance chemically. Too long and complicated for regular use. Non-Proprietary Name: It is a short name given to a drug that is not subject to ownership. Unreferenced names should always be short and meaningful.
  1. There are two classes of non-proprietary names.
  • Approved Name
  • Official name APPROVED NAME: The name is given soon after its introduction by bodies such as the United States Adopted Name Council (USAN) and the British Approved Name (BAN). This name is sometimes called a generic name. They designate a chemical or medicinal class of drugs such as: Penicillin.Official name: This is the name approved by the National Pharmacopoeia Commission and included in the official book i.e. Pharmacopoeia.
  • The official name must be the same as the approved name.
  1. Proprietary name-name assigned by trade mark. A drug may have multiple proprietary names.
  • Example medicine: Paracetamol Chemical name: N- (4-hydroxyphenyl) acetamide NON-PROPRIETARY NAME Approved name: British Approved name (BAN): Paracetol, United States adopted name (USAN): Acetaminophen Official name: Acetaminophen PROPRETEN, Calpol , Metacin
  • Drug Compendia
  • These are a compilation of information on drugs in the form of monographs without knowing in theoretical concepts, mechanisms of action and other aspects that help in understanding the subject. Pharmacopoeia and formulary are called official compendia. Pharmacopoeias
  • are official codes that relate to the standard of their physical, and chemical properties and the details of tests for their identity, purity, and potency. Such as the Indian Pharmacopoeia.

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